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Fatty acid

(total 755)


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IdImageCOMMON NAMENAMEDATA No Lipid classINFORMANTSYMBOLFORMULAMOL.WT(average)Download cdx file / Mol format file BIOOGICAL ACTIVITY PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES SPECTRAL DATA CHROMATOGRAM DATA SOURCE CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS METABOLISM GENETIC INFORMATION NOTE REFERENCES
MELTING POINTBOILING POINTDENSITYREFRACTIVE INDEXOPTICAL ROTATIONSOLUBILITY UV SPECTRAIR SPECTRANMR SPECTRAMASS SPECTRAOTHER SPECTRA
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Formic acid Methanoic acid DFA0001Fatty acidTetsuyuki KobayashiFo CH2O2 46.025Download ChemDraw structure data
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Dangerously caustic to skin. Chronic absorption is reported to cause albuminuria, hematuria. LD50 in mice 1100 mg/kg orally, 145 mg/kg i.v.. << Ref. 2013>> Therapeutic category; counterirritant, astringent. 8.4degC 100.5degC d4-20 1.220 1.3714 at 20degC miscible with water, alcohol, ether and glycerol.<< Ref. 0347>><< Ref. 0481>> Formica rufa (red ant). Made by carbon monoxide and NaOH under pressure and decompose the resulting sodium formate with H2SO4. << Ref. 0002>> << Ref.0002 >> AUTHOR: Abraham, E.P., et al. TITLE: JOURNAL: J.Chem.Soc.London VOLUME: 21 PAGE: 948 - (1937)
<< Ref.0347 >> AUTHOR: Markley, K. S., et. al. 1960 Fatty Acids : Their Chemistry, Properties, Production,and Uses. Ed.2. Interscience, New York. v.1, pp.23-249 TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
<< Ref.0481 >> AUTHOR: Toubes, B. TITLE: JOURNAL: Kirk-Othmer Encycl. Chem. Technol. VOLUME: 6 PAGE: 875 - (1951)
<< Ref.2013 >> AUTHOR: Sprecher, H., Luthria, D. L., Mohammed, B. S., and Baykousheva, S. P. TITLE: Reevaluation of the pathways for the biosynthesis of polyunsaturated fatty acids PubMed ID:8847474 JOURNAL: J Lipid Res. VOLUME: 36 PAGE: 2471-2477(1995)
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Acetic acid Ethanoic acid DFA0002Fatty acidTetsuyuki KobayashiAc C2H4O2 60.052Download ChemDraw structure data
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16.7degC 118.2degC d4-20 1.049 1.3718 at 20degC miscible with water, alcohol, ether, glycerol and carbon tetrachloride;practically insoluble in carbon disulfide. << Ref. 0168>><< Ref. 0347>> Vinegar Obtained in the destructive distillation of wood; from acetylene and water via acetaldehyde by oxidation with air. Manufacture process. << Ref. 1001>><< Ref. 1002>><< Ref. 1003>><< Ref. 1004>><< Ref. 1005>><< Ref. 1006>><< Ref. 1007>> << Ref.0168 >> AUTHOR: Fairbain,D. TITLE: JOURNAL: Can.J.Biochem.Physiol. VOLUME: 33 PAGE: 31 - (1955)
<< Ref.0347 >> AUTHOR: Markley, K. S., et. al. 1960 Fatty Acids : Their Chemistry, Properties, Production,and Uses. Ed.2. Interscience, New York. v.1, pp.23-249 TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
<< Ref.1001 >> AUTHOR: Bhattacharyya, Sourirajan TITLE: JOURNAL: J.Appl.Chem.(London) VOLUME: 6 PAGE: 442 - (1956)
<< Ref.1002 >> AUTHOR: Bhattacharyya, Sourirajan TITLE: JOURNAL: J.Appl.Chem.(London) VOLUME: 9 PAGE: 126 - (1959)
<< Ref.1003 >> AUTHOR: Elice et al. (1957) U.S. pat.,2,800,504,to Distillers Co. TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
<< Ref.1004 >> AUTHOR: Wirth (1957) U.S.pats,2, 818, 428, to british Petroleum TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
<< Ref.1005 >> AUTHOR: Mckusick and Hoover (1960) U.S.pats.,2, 940, 913, and 2,940,914, to du Pont TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
<< Ref.1006 >> AUTHOR: Faith, Keyes and Clark's Industrial Chemicals 4th ed. (Lowenheim,F.A.,Moran,M.K. eds.), pp8-15, Wiley-Interscience, New York TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - (1975)
<< Ref.1007 >> AUTHOR: (1978), in F.S.Wagner in Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology vol.1 3rd ed., pp124-147, Wiley-Interscience, New York TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
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Propioic acid Propanoic acid DFA0003Fatty acidTetsuyuki KobayashiPp C3H6O2 74.079Download ChemDraw structure data
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-22.0degC 141.1degC d4-20 0.992 1.3874 at 20degC soluble in alcohol, ether and chloroform. << Ref. 0347>> Milk and milk products. Can be obtained from wood pulp waste liquor by a fermentation process using bacteria of the genus Propionibacterium.<< Ref. 1008>> From natural gas by the Fischer-Tropsch process;as a byproduct in the pyrolysis of wood; by the action of microorganisms on a variety of materials in small yields. Very pure propionic acid can be obtained from propionitrile. Preparation from ethylene,carbon monoxide and steam.<< Ref. 1009>><< Ref. 1010>>From ethanol and carbon monoxide using a boron trifluoride catalyst.<< Ref. 1011>>By oxidation of propionaldehyde<< Ref. 1012>> << Ref.0347 >> AUTHOR: Markley, K. S., et. al. 1960 Fatty Acids : Their Chemistry, Properties, Production,and Uses. Ed.2. Interscience, New York. v.1, pp.23-249 TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
<< Ref.1008 >> AUTHOR: Wayman et al.(1962 ),in U.S.pat.,pp3067,-107,to Colombia Cellulose TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
<< Ref.1009 >> AUTHOR: (1956), in Reppe, Angew.Chem.,46 TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
<< Ref.1010 >> AUTHOR: Larson (1948) in U.S.pat.,pp2,448,375, to du Pont TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
<< Ref.1011 >> AUTHOR: Loder,(1939),in U.S.pats.,pp2,135,448;2,135,451;2,135,453,to du Pont TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
<< Ref.1012 >> AUTHOR: Hasche,(1942),in U.S.pat.,2,294,984, to Kodak TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
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Butyric acid Butanoic acid DFA0004Fatty acidTetsuyuki KobayashiBt/C4:0 C4H8O2 88.105Download ChemDraw structure data
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-7.9degC 163.5degC d4-20 0.9587 1.33906 at 20degC miscible with water, alcohol, ether.<< Ref. 0347>> Butterfat Obtained by suitable fermentation of carbohydrates;preparation from n-propanol + CO at 200 atm in the presense of Ni(CO)4 and NiI2.<< Ref. 1012>>; lab preparation from ethylmalonic acid. << Ref.0347 >> AUTHOR: Markley, K. S., et. al. 1960 Fatty Acids : Their Chemistry, Properties, Production,and Uses. Ed.2. Interscience, New York. v.1, pp.23-249 TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
<< Ref.1012 >> AUTHOR: Hasche,(1942),in U.S.pat.,2,294,984, to Kodak TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
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Valeric acid Pentanoic acid DFA0005Fatty acidTetsuyuki KobayashiVl/C5:0 C5H10O2 102.132Download ChemDraw structure data
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-34.5degC 187.0degC d4-20 0.942 1.4086 at 20degC soluble in 30 parts water; freely soluble in alcohol, ether.<< Ref. 0007/0201/0288/0334/0347>> Essential oils Obtained by decomposition of n-propylmalonic acid. << Ref.0007 >> AUTHOR: Adams, R.G.,and Marvel, C.S. TITLE: JOURNAL: J.Amer.Chem.Soc. VOLUME: 42 PAGE: 310 - (1920)
<< Ref.0201 >> AUTHOR: Guenther, E. 1948. The Essential Oils. Vol. 1, Van Nostrand, New York. TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
<< Ref.0288 >> AUTHOR: Klein, A., and Stigol, M. TITLE: JOURNAL: Pharm. Zentralh. VOLUME: 71 PAGE: 497 - (1930)
<< Ref.0334 >> AUTHOR: Lieben, A., and Rossi, A. TITLE: JOURNAL: Ann. Chim. (Paris) VOLUME: 159 PAGE: 58 - (1871)
<< Ref.0347 >> AUTHOR: Markley, K. S., et. al. 1960 Fatty Acids : Their Chemistry, Properties, Production,and Uses. Ed.2. Interscience, New York. v.1, pp.23-249 TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
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Caproic acid Hexanoic acid DFA0006Fatty acidTetsuyuki KobayashiHxo/C6:0 C6H12O2 116.158Download ChemDraw structure data
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-3.4degC 205.8degC d4-20 0.929 1.41635 at 20degC slightly soluble in water (1.082g/100g); readily soluble in ethanol,ether.<< Ref. 0347>><< Ref. 0408>><< Ref. 0449>> Butterfat;palm oils Manufactured by catalytic reduction of corresponding b-lactone. << Ref.0347 >> AUTHOR: Markley, K. S., et. al. 1960 Fatty Acids : Their Chemistry, Properties, Production,and Uses. Ed.2. Interscience, New York. v.1, pp.23-249 TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
<< Ref.0408 >> AUTHOR: Ralston, A. W. 1948. Fatty Acids and Their Derivatives. J. Wiley, New York. TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - (1948)
<< Ref.0449 >> AUTHOR: Simon, L. G. TITLE: JOURNAL: Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg. VOLUME: 38 PAGE: 27 - (1929)
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Heptylic acid / Enanthic acid / Enanthylic acid / Heptoic acid Heptanoic acid DFA0007Fatty acidTetsuyuki KobayashiHpo / C7:0 C7H14O2 130.185Download ChemDraw structure data
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-10.5degC 223.0degC d4-20 0.92215 1.4230 at 20degC soluble in ethanol, ether, DMF and DMSO.<< Ref. 0347>><< Ref. 0408>><< Ref. 0424>> Violet-leaf oil. Prepared by the oxidation of heptaldehyde with potassium permanganate in dilute sulfuric acid. << Ref.0347 >> AUTHOR: Markley, K. S., et. al. 1960 Fatty Acids : Their Chemistry, Properties, Production,and Uses. Ed.2. Interscience, New York. v.1, pp.23-249 TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
<< Ref.0408 >> AUTHOR: Ralston, A. W. 1948. Fatty Acids and Their Derivatives. J. Wiley, New York. TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - (1948)
<< Ref.0424 >> AUTHOR: Ruzicka, L., and Schinz, H. TITLE: Die nichtaldehydischen Bestandteile des Veilchen batter oils JOURNAL: Helv. Chim. Acta VOLUME: 18 PAGE: 381 - (1935)
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Caprylic acid / Octylic acid Octanoic acid DFA0008Fatty acidTetsuyuki KobayashiOco / C8:0 C8H16O2 144.211Download ChemDraw structure data
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16.7degC 239.7degC d4-20 0.910 1.4285 at 20degC very slightly soluble in water (0.068g/100g at 20degC); freely soluble in alcohol, chloroform, ether, carbon disulfide, petroleum ether and glacial acetic acid.<< Ref. 0347>> Butterfat;palm-kernel oils << Ref.0347 >> AUTHOR: Markley, K. S., et. al. 1960 Fatty Acids : Their Chemistry, Properties, Production,and Uses. Ed.2. Interscience, New York. v.1, pp.23-249 TITLE: JOURNAL: VOLUME: PAGE: - ()
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Pelargonic acid / Nonylic acid Nonanoic acid DFA0009Fatty acidTetsuyuki KobayashiNno / C9:0 C9H18O2 158.238Download ChemDraw structure data
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12.5degC 255.6degC d4-20 0.907 1.4322 at 20degC practically insoluble in water; soluble in alcohol, chloroform and ether.<< Ref. 0021>><< Ref. 0022>><< Ref. 0523>> Butterfat;hair fat << Ref.0021 >> AUTHOR: Armstrong, E.F., and Hilditch, T.P. TITLE: JOURNAL: J.Am.Chem.Soc. VOLUME: 44 PAGE: 132 - (1922)
<< Ref.0022 >> AUTHOR: Armstrong, E.F., and Hilditch, T.P. TITLE: JOURNAL: J.Soc.Chem.Ind.London Trans.Commun. VOLUME: 44 PAGE: 33 - (1925)
<< Ref.0523 >> AUTHOR: Weitkamp, A. W., et al. TITLE: The Free Fatty Acids of Human Hair Fat JOURNAL: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. VOLUME: 69 PAGE: 1936 -1942 (1947)
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Capric acid Decanoic acid DFA0010Fatty acidTetsuyuki KobayashiDec / Dco / C10:0 C10H20O2 172.265Download ChemDraw structure data
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31.6degC 270.0degC d404 0.8858 1.42855 at 40degC practically insoluble in water (0.015g/100g at 20degC); also soluble in ethanol, ether, chloroform, benzene and carbon disulfide.<< Ref. 0353>><< Ref. 0380>><< Ref. 0449>> Butterfat;palm-kernel oils << Ref.0353 >> AUTHOR: McKinney, R. S., and Jamieson, G. S. TITLE: JOURNAL: Oil Soap (Cicago) VOLUME: 15 PAGE: 172 - (1939)
<< Ref.0380 >> AUTHOR: Nobori, H. J. TITLE: JOURNAL: Kogyo Kagaku Zasshi VOLUME: 43 PAGE: 199 - (1940)
<< Ref.0449 >> AUTHOR: Simon, L. G. TITLE: JOURNAL: Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg. VOLUME: 38 PAGE: 27 - (1929)
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Undecylic acid / Hendecanoic acid Undecanoic acid DFA0011Fatty acidTetsuyuki KobayashiUdo / C11:0 C11H22O2 186.291Download ChemDraw structure data
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29.3degC 284.0degC d4-25 0.9905 1.4202 at 70degC soluble in alcohol, chloroform and ether.<< Ref. 0219>><< Ref. 0523>> Human-hair fat. << Ref.0219 >> AUTHOR: Hansen, R. P., et al. TITLE: JOURNAL: Chem. Ind. (London) VOLUME: PAGE: 92 - (1955)
<< Ref.0523 >> AUTHOR: Weitkamp, A. W., et al. TITLE: The Free Fatty Acids of Human Hair Fat JOURNAL: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. VOLUME: 69 PAGE: 1936 -1942 (1947)
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Lauric acid Dodecanoic acid DFA0012Fatty acidTetsuyuki KobayashiLau / C12:0 C12H24O2 200.318Download ChemDraw structure data
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44.2degC 225degC at 100 mmHg d504 0.8690 1.4261 at 60degC insoluble in water; 1g dissolves in 1 ml alcohol, 2.5 ml propyl alcohol; freely soluble in benzene, ether. << Ref. 0055>><< Ref. 0226>><< Ref. 0236>> Lauraceae oils;Arecaceae << Ref.0055 >> AUTHOR: Bauer, K.H., and Junge, R. TITLE: JOURNAL: Arch.Pharm.(Weinheim) VOLUME: 272 PAGE: 841 - (1934)
<< Ref.0226 >> AUTHOR: Hata, T. TITLE: JOURNAL: Nippon Kagaku Kaishi VOLUME: 60 PAGE: 122 -125 (1939)
<< Ref.0236 >> AUTHOR: Hilditch, T. P. and Vidyarthi, N. L. TITLE: JOURNAL: J. Soc. Chem. Ind. London Trans. Commun. VOLUME: 46 PAGE: 172 - (1927)
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Tridecylic acid Tridecanoic acid DFA0013Fatty acidTetsuyuki KobayashiC13:0 C13H26O2 214.344Download ChemDraw structure data
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41.5degC 236degC at 100 mm Hg d4-80 0.8458 1.4286 at 60degC soluble in acetone, alcohol, ether and petroleum ether.<0219>><< Ref. 0305>><< Ref. 0445>><< Ref. 0523>> Human-hair fat << Ref.0305 >> AUTHOR: Krafft, F. TITLE: JOURNAL: Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem. VOLUME: 12 PAGE: 1668 - (1879)
<< Ref.0445 >> AUTHOR: Shorland, F. B., Gerson, T., and Hansen, R. P. TITLE: Branched-chain fatty acids of butterfat. 7. Investigation of the C13 acids PubMed ID:13276359 JOURNAL: Biochem J. VOLUME: 61 PAGE: 702-704(1955)
<< Ref.0523 >> AUTHOR: Weitkamp, A. W., et al. TITLE: The Free Fatty Acids of Human Hair Fat JOURNAL: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. VOLUME: 69 PAGE: 1936 -1942 (1947)
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Myristic acid Tetradecanoic acid DFA0014Fatty acidTetsuyuki KobayashiMyr / C14:0 C14H28O2 228.371Download ChemDraw structure data
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53.9degC 250degC at 100 mmHg d544 0.8622 1.4273 at 70degC soluble in absolute alcohol, methanol, ether, petroleum ether, benzene and chloroform. << Ref. 0165>><< Ref. 0237>><< Ref. 0391>><< Ref. 0461>> [Spectrum 0001] (provided by Dr. Takeshi Kasama) Gas liquid chromatogram [Chromatogram 0001] [Chromatogram 0002] (provided by Dr. Akiko Horiuchi). Myristicaceae fats << Ref.0165 >> AUTHOR: Elsdon, G. D. TITLE: JOURNAL: Analyst (London) VOLUME: 38 PAGE: 8 - (1913)
<< Ref.0237 >> AUTHOR: Hilditch, T. P., and Vidyarthi, N. L. TITLE: JOURNAL: J. Soc. Chem. Ind. London Trans. Commun. VOLUME: 47 PAGE: 35 - (1928)
<< Ref.0391 >> AUTHOR: Playfair, L. TITLE: JOURNAL: Ann. Chem. Pharm. VOLUME: 37 PAGE: 152 - (1841)
<< Ref.0461 >> AUTHOR: Steger, A., and van Loon, J. TITLE: JOURNAL: Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas VOLUME: 54 PAGE: 149 - (1935)
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Pentadecylic acid Pentadecanoic acid DFA0015Fatty acidTetsuyuki KobayashiC15:0 C15H30O2 242.398Download ChemDraw structure data
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52.3degC 202.5degC at 10 mmHg d4-80 0.8423 1.4292 at 70degC soluble in acetone, alcohol, ether and petroleum ether.<< Ref. 0305>><< Ref. 0362>><< Ref. 0523>> [Spectrum 0001] (provided by Dr. Takeshi Kasama). Sheep,hair and milk fats